Born: June 28, 1927 - Arkhangelsk (URS)
Boris Shilkov, born in Arkangelsk and living in Leningrad where he
worked as an engineer, was a part of the Soviet Union team which
dominated speed skating in the mid-50s. He made his international debut
with a silver medal in the World Championships 1953, beaten only by his
team mate Oleg Goncharenko. The following year he won both the European
and the World Championships.
9 January 1955 he set a famous 5000 m
World Record - 7.45,6 - at Medeo, after his team mate Dmitry Sakunenko
became the first to skate a 5000 m under 8 minutes in a previous pair.
The time was almost unbelievable at its time. He beat the current record
with 18 seconds, and it would stand unbeaten for 8 years. But only one
year later he proved this time was not impossible after all, when he
finished only 3 seconds above his own World Record to win the Olympic
In spite of his Olympic gold and World Record on 5000 m,
Shilkov had often problems on the longest distance. After being in the
lead after 3 distances, he lost three titles because of a bad 10000 m.
He won the Soviet Allround Championships 3 times (1953 - 1955).
reigned on top of the Adelskalender for the most part of the second
half of the 1950s, first 1 day from 9 January 1955 to 10 January 1955,
and then continuously from 20 January 1955 to 1 March 1959, a total of
After his active career Shilkov was a successful speed
skating coach. From 1962 to 1964 and 1966-1968 he was the coach of the
Olympic team of the USSR, coaching among others Ants Antson, who became
Olympic 1500 m Champion in 1964. Later he was a coach in Leningrad.
Bjarte Hetland, December 7, 2013
Podia at championships
|1953||2 ||World Championship Allround||Helsinki||FIN|
|1954||1 ||World Championship Allround||Sapporo||JPN|
|1 ||European Championship Allround||Davos||SUI|
|1955||3 ||World Championship Allround||Moscow||URS|
|1956||1 ||Olympic Winter Games 5000 meters||Cortina d'Ampezzo||ITA|
|1957||2 ||World Championship Allround||Östersund||SWE|
|1||5000 meters||7:45.6||Jan 9, 1955||Medeo||KAZ|
|500m||0:41.9||Jan 30, 1960||Medeo||URS|
|1500m||2:10.4||Jan 20, 1955||Medeo||URS|
|3000m||4:55.7||Dec 26, 1960||Kirov||URS|
|5000m||7:45.6||Jan 9, 1955||Medeo||KAZ|
|10,000m||16:50.2||Jan 20, 1955||Medeo||URS|